Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction:
Disaster and Development are said to be two sides of same coin. These are so closely linked that disasters can both destroy development initiatives and create development opportunities, and that development schemes can both increase and decrease vulnerability. With the climate change and increasing frequency of natural hazards the progress of poverty alleviation strategies has been severely compromised.
Specifically in rural mountains development work has traditionally been focused on poverty eradication, with an attention on developing livelihood opportunities at the community level or most disadvantaged.
The devastating impact of Uttarakhand 2013 Tsunami has become a constant reminder of the vulnerability of human life to hazards, and also the disproportionate effect they have on poor people. Unless more determined efforts are made to address the loss of lives, livelihoods, infrastructures, disasters will become a serious obstacle to the achievement of any form of sustainable development.
Wherefore the need was felt to shift from a reactive approach to hazard events, to one of being more proactive in reducing our disaster risk. The principles of risk reduction combine structural, biological, and land use planning, and preparedness measures along side with insurance cover. Hazard prevention, mitigation and vulnerability reduction are achieved by building our individual capacity to survive and bounce back, and by strengthening and improving the functioning of support system in our rural mountain communities.
With this initiation, HARC is putting efforts in bringing people together within same community to collectively address a common disaster risk in a systematic way towards achieving safe and resilient community.
With the vision HARC undertook responsibility to build a dynamic community that equalizes power relations in terms of socio-politics, binds the groups cohesively, resolve issues, and manages individuals and collective tasks through addressing and bouncing back from a potential hazardous events.
Duration: August 2016- December 2020
The overall objective of the community managed disaster risk reduction is to contribute to those strategies that enable communities most at risk to increase their resilience to disasters thereby improving their livelihood.
- Establish a disaster risk reduction lobby, advocacy and learning network to influence regional decision makers.
- To increase and develop the knowledge in community managed disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation strategies or mechanisms among staff and communities.
- To facilitate planning, monitoring, learning and documentation of best livelihood and other practices among staff, communities and CSOs.
- To improve livelihood of communities through small mitigation work such as farmer’s training on
- Community members trained in disaster risk reduction.
- Community with disaster contingency plans.
- Concrete action plans that reduce vulnerability.
- Communities with various task forces on Climate change Adaptation, First Medical Responders and Search and Rescue Operations.
The select landscape is remote and fragile regions of Naugaun Watershed situated in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. The area lies at 30044’50.668”N to 30048’2.415”N latitude and 78073.001”E to 7809’19.517”E longitude. The area in the upper catchment of Yamuna River and the total area covered is 26.7 sq.km. The place could be reached through National Highway 507 near the town Barkot, Purola and Damta. The region comprises of 14 village Panchayat and 20 villages. The targeted villages in the study area are Matiyali, Murari, Bhatiya, Bingsi, Naini, Dhari, Rastari, Kndaun, Mungra, Naugaun, Sauli, Kimmi, Pissaun, Kwari, Sapeta, Tunalka and Kisna. The area is mostly covered by reserved forest, cultivated land, rocky and barren land and settlements.
The total population of targeted landscape is 8,889 with 1882 households and the area covered is 1459.99 hectare. The literacy rate of the targeted area is 68.7%.